This study explored the extent to which doctoral students are conducting community-engaged scholarship and investigated the characteristics of their degree-granting institutions. The research utilized the most immediate work of doctoral students by examining completed dissertations. Analysis showed which graduate students are pursuing community engagement through their scholarship, whether they are increasing in number, and the fields of study and institution types with which they are affiliated. By identifying who is producing engaged scholars, best practices can be identified in the future. In addition, the findings revealed which disciplines and institution types have room to increase their output of community-engaged research….
How do leaders of the scholarship of engagement (SOE) experience and define this field? To gain insights into these differing understandings of SOE, this study explored the perspectives of a group of elites, exemplars within the field of the scholarship of engagement. Framed in social constructivism, this study explored the exemplars’ socially and culturally mediated experiences, beliefs, and symbolic interactions. Key findings suggested that the exemplars’ journey and their understandings of SOE were interrelated to their current positionality. Two interrelated but different groups emerged from the data, representing a university-centric enclave and a community engagement-centric enclave. These two groupings suggested…
Measuring and Articulating the Value of Community Engagement: Lessons Learned from 100 Years of Cooperative Extension Work
The Cooperative Extension System was created in 1914 with the passage of the Smith-Lever Act. Cooperative Extension was the first formal nationwide structure created for university–community engagement. Expectations for Extension as an engaged institution have changed over time. Once seen chiefly as a source of private value for program participants in local communities, Extension is now also expected to provide public value for those not directly involved in Extension programs. After 100 years of community engagement efforts, Cooperative Extension has learned lessons about measuring and articulating the value of engagement related to professional development, program development, funding, structure, and organization…
Scholarship Perceptions of Academic Department Heads: Implications for Promoting Faculty Community Engagement Scholarship
After North Carolina State University developed recommendations for departments and faculty to integrate learning, discovery, and engagement through the scholarship of engagement, the issue was raised: “What do department heads think, and how do they support engagement especially during promotion, tenure, and reappointment of engaged faculty?” This study found that 75% of departments say they value community- engagement scholarship when making promotion and tenure decisions, 73% of the departments include standards to reward community-engagement scholarship, and 20% of the departments have no expectations for faculty to be community-engagement scholars. When asked if community engaged participatory research was valued, it ranked…
How does a early career faculty member survive the pursuit of campus-community initiatives? This article draws on experiences gained through a unique faculty position that combines community engagement with full academic responsibilities. The article provides lessons learned through adventures in applied teaching, negotiated criteria for tenure and promotion, and the cultivation of community relationships that have culminated in a truly “civic scholarship.” Sherman, D.L. (2013). Partnering to Survive: Reflections on the Pursuit of Campus-Community Initiatives Prior to Tenure. Journal of Higher Education Outreach and Engagement, 17(4), 155-174.
This special issue of Progress in Community Health Partnerships (PCHP), “Maximizing Community Contributions, Benefits, and Outcomes in Clinical and Translational Research,” seeks to advance the field of community-based health research by providing information, tools, and understanding of the accomplishments, best practices, and challenges that community and academic partners have experienced in their engagement with National Institutes of Health-funded Clinical and Translational Science Awardees (CTSAs) and other research entities. Shepard, P.M., Idehen, A., Casado, J., Freeman, E., Horowitz, C., Seifer, S., & Hal Strelnick, H. (Eds.). (2013). Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action, 7(3), 231-233.
Part One is an overview of concepts of professionalism in design. It concludes with an overview of emerging trends in academic and professional practice, such as non-profit community design advocacy projects like Design Corps, and numerous practices engaged in what the Cooper-Hewitt Museum calls ―Design for the Other 90 Percent. Part Two focuses on the design process itself, arguing for approaches that favor Design Engagement rather than Design Assistance and offering principles that can foster community collaborative design practice.Corser, Rob. (2011). Design in the Public Interest –The Dilemma of Professionalism. Imagining America. Full Text.
Making Value Visible: Excellence in Campus-Community Partnerships in the Arts, Humanities, and Design
This study, commissioned by Imagining America, sets forth what practitioners themselves believe to be the characteristics of excellence in campus-community partnerships in the arts, humanities, and design. The report finds that at the core of excellence is learning and knowledge-making through reciprocal relationships. Sociable learning yields three types of negotiated complexity that seem to be intrinsic to the experience of excellent partnerships: a sense of spatial mobility, an aesthetics of practice, and richly detailed documentation.Koch, C. (2005). Making Value Visible: Excellence in Campus-Community Partnerships in the Arts, Humanities, and Design. Imagining America: Arts & Scholars in Public Life. Full Report.
This pamphlet provides an overview of how colleges and universities are expanding and deepening the role that publicly engaged scholarship in the humanities, arts, and design can play in contributing to positive change in the communities and regions within which higher education institutions exist. Through the lens of Imagining America: Artists and Scholars in Public Life, the only national coalition working explicitly at the nexus of publicly engaged scholarship and the humanities, arts, and design, author Jamie Haft exemplifies the range of work as it is practiced through courses, projects, programs, centers, institutes, and institution-wide initiatives. Haft, J. (2012). Publicly Engaged Scholarship…
Participatory action research as a tool in solving desert vernacular architecture problems in the Western Desert of Egypt
The aim of the research is to introduce a methodological approach applying participatory action research (PAR) as a tool to help save the future of the currently deteriorating desert vernacular architecture in Egypt. To benefit from local know-how, a desert vernacular model house was constructed using PAR methods that engaged the local community throughout the design and building phases. As this is an international problem, the research developed several techniques within PAR, applied in a flexible way, giving the opportunity for further application in similar vernacular settlements suffering from similar problems. Dabaieh, M. (2013). Participatory action research as a tool…
What is the purpose of knowledge? Is it an end product only, or a means for action for change? Who is expected to take action – the researcher, research subjects, both, or some unknown others who may come across the knowledge produced? The larger question then is: is it health research, or research for health, equity and development? This article raises these concerns in context of a study conducted in Pakistan entitled Women’s Empowerment in Muslim Contexts (WEMC). It proposes, especially, in resource poor countries, combining health research with Paolo Freire’s view of participation and change, and sees action by…
This article includes the authors’ reflections on the unique role and purpose of key informants in community-engaged research. Taking a critical social science perspective, they consider the value and challenges involved in selecting and relying on key informants to represent the community and its perspectives. Because key informants inhabit social and professional roles in communities, they are often sought by researchers to provide knowledge and information related to health promotion and education within a community. However, their identification and selection – and their perspectives about what is important and would work best for a community – must be carefully considered. The authors conclude…
In this guest column for PMLA, the author describes new trends in public and engaged scholarship in the humanities. Ellison, J. (2013). The New Public Humanists. PMLA, 128(2), 289-298. Full Text.
Integrating community-based participatory research and informatics approaches to improve the engagement and health of underserved populations
This study compared 5 health informatics research projects that applied community-based participatory research (CBPR) approaches with the goal of extending existing CBPR principles to address issues specific to health informatics research. Researchers found that benefits of applying CBPR approaches to health informatics research across the cases included the following: developing more relevant research with wider impact, greater engagement with diverse populations, improved internal validity, more rapid translation of research into action, and the development of people. The authors then created several principles that extended an existing CBPR framework to specifically address health informatics research requirements. Unertl, K. M., Schaefbauer, C.L., Campbell, T.R.,…
This article examines how the authors’ participatory research with the Maijuna people of the Peruvian Amazon resulted in many positive, affective, and emotional results outside of the final map product. Although the project was initiated as an attempt to produce a map that the Maijuna could use in pursuit of land rights, methodological choices made by the authors also produced positive emotions in participants, political bonding, and community-wide education. This article argues that researchers should begin engaging in more affective and emotional thinking when constructing their research methodologies, to both improve the results of their project and to mitigate potential…
This article focuses on campus–community partnerships that can leverage both campus and community resources to address critical issues in local communities. Campus–community partnerships are described as a series of interpersonal relationships between (a) campus administrators, faculty, staff, and students and (b) community leaders, agency personnel, and members of communities. The phases of relationships (i.e., initiation, development, maintenance, dissolution) and the dynamics of relationships (i.e., exchanges, equity, distribution of power) are explored to provide service-learning instructors and campus personnel with a clearer understanding of how to develop healthy campus–community partnerships. Bringle, R. & Hatcher, J. (2002). Campus-community partnerships for health: The…
Noting that the current, conventional approach to research does little to strengthen scholars’ participation in civic life, this article advocates and describes models of research that promote more democratic inquiry methods, more reciprocal relationships between researchers and their subjects, and new collaborations between research institutions and communities. Examples of programs and initiatives are offered. Ansley, F. & Gaventa, J. (1997). Researching for democracy and democratizing research. Change, 29(1), 46-54.
This paper describes the National Institutes of Health Director’s Council of Public Representatives’ (DCPR) community engagement framework, which was designed to educate researchers to create and sustain authentic community – academic partnerships that will increase accountability and equality between the partners. The framework includes values, strategies to operationalize each value, and potential outcomes of their use in community engaged research, as well as a peer review criteria for evaluating research that engages communities. Ahmed, S. M &. Palermo, A. S. (2010). Community engagement in research: Frameworks for education and peer review. American Journal of Public Health, 100(8), 1380-1387.
Relationships hold the key to trustworthy and productive translational science: Recommendations for expanding community engagement in biomedical research
Good relationships between research institutions and communities are an essential, but often neglected, part of the infrastructure of translational science. In this article, the authors report the results of a workshop they convened to learn how such relationships are best created and sustained. They highlight common barriers and challenges that hinder relationships, and provide recommendations that research institutions and teams can use to expand and strengthen their relationships with community members. Yarborough, M., Edwards, K., Espinoza, P., Geller, G., Sarwal, A., Sharp, R. R., & Spicer, P. Relationships hold the key to trustworthy and productive translational science: Recommendations for expanding…
Using culturally competent community-based participatory research with older diabetic Chinese Americans: Lessons learned
This articles shares culturally competent research strategies and lessons learned from a study with older adult diabetic Chinese Americans. The study used the CBPR approach and the vulnerable population conceptual model (VPCM) to develop these culturally competent research strategies. Wang-Letzkus, M. F., Washington, G., Calvillo, E. R., & Anderson, N. L. (2012). Using culturally competent community-based participatory research with older diabetic Chinese Americans: Lessons learned. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 23(3), 255-261. Full Text.
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