The power of collaborative solutions: Six principles and effective tools for building healthy communities
In his book, author Tom Wolf asserts that in order to solve complex problems and build healthy communities we must form partnerships and collaborations. Wolf describes why the traditional community problem-solving methods are failing and offers six key principles to build healthy communities through collaboration: encourage true collaboration as the form of exchange, engage the full diversity of the community, employ an ecological approach that builds on community strengths, take action by addressing issues of social change and power on the basis or a common vision, and engage spirituality as the compass for social change. Wolf, T. (2010). The power…
In this article Andrew Van de Ven presents an interview with hinself in which he answers a series of questions on engaged scholarship and encourages people in all “realms”, not only researchers, to “step out” and engage others in order develop a deeper understanding of their field or study. Van de Ven describes engaged scholarship as a process in which academics participate with other scholars, stakeholders, and practitioners to collaborate on research. Although he comments on the existing gap between theory and practice of social research, he offers a solution to this gap and predicts there will be a “wave…
In this research methodology book, Smith explores the intersections of imperialism and research—to the colonized, the term “research” is conflated with colonialism, and academic research steeped in imperialism remains a painful reality. Smith then discusses concepts such as “discovery” and “claiming”, and argues that the decolonization of research methods will help to reclaim control over indigenous ways of knowing and being. Finally, the author proposes an Indigenous Research Agenda and provides examples of such research. Smith, L. T. (2012). Decolonizing methodologies: Research and indigenous peoples. New York, NY: Zed Books.
Collaboration between universities: An effective way of sustaining community-university partnerships?
In the era of the global economic recession, many higher education institutions have faced budget cuts. In this piece, the authors argue that community-university partnerships should be highly valued due to the ability of such partnerships to improve the quality of teaching and research. The South East Coastal Communities program (SECC) of southern England is presented in this paper to demonstrate ways in which partnerships can lead to new research opportunities, new developments in curriculum, and build the knowledge and skills of students in an context outside of the classroom. Pratt, J., Matthews, S., Nairne, B., Hoult, E. & Ashenden,…
Aligning the goals of community-engaged research: Why and how academic health centers can successfully engage with communities to improve health
The aim of this article is to assist academic health centers (AHC) in community engagement (CE) and community-engaged research (CEnR) using five steps: defining community and identifying partners, learning the etiquette of CE, building a sustainable network of CEnR researchers, recognizing that CEnR will require the development of new methodologies, and improving translation and dissemination plans. This paper asserts that national health disparities will persist without CEnR, and that barriers toward implementation of CEnR can be overcome through leadership and commitment of top decision makers within institutions. Michener, L., Cook, L., Ahmed, S.M., Yonas, M.A., Coyne-Beasley, T., & Aquilar-Gaxiola, S….
This article describes the creation of a conceptually valid and statistically reliable CBR Student Learning Outcomes Survey, first analyzing the perceived benefits of CBR experienced by 70 undergraduates and faculty at six colleges and universities and later piloted to students from 15 colleges and universities (N=166). Five CBR “outcome con-structs” were measured: academic skills, educational experience, civic engagement, professional skills, and personal growth. This survey can be used as a tool for universities to evaluate CBR courses. Lichtenstein, G., Thorme, T., Cutforth, N., & Tombari, M.L. (2011). Development of a national survey to assess student learning outcomes of community-based research….
A systematic review of community-based participatory research to enhance clinical trials in racial and ethnic minority groups
This systematic literature review examines the effectiveness of current CBPR clinical trials involving racial and ethnic minorities. The review finds that CBPR is effective in increasing participation of racial and ethnic minority subjects in research. Additionally, it finds that CBPR may be a powerful tool to improve both the measurement of health disparities and in testing the generalizability of effective interventions among populations traditionally under-represented in clinical trials. De Las Nueces, D., Hacker, K., DiGirolamo, A., & Hicks, L.S. (2012). A systematic review of community-based participatory research to enhance clinical trials in racial and ethnic minority groups. Health Services Research, 47(3),…
In this article, the authors reflect on the unique role and purpose of key informants in community-engaged research. Taking a critical social science perspective, they consider the value and challenges involved in selecting and relying on key informants to represent the community and its perspectives. They offer insight into how community-engaged researchers can ensure that the key-informants in their own work will represent insider community perspectives and help identify and support community priorities. McKenna, S. A., & Main, D. S., (2013). The role and influence of key informants in community-engaged research: A critical perspective. Action Research, 11(2), 113-124. Full Text.
This PowerPoint presentation outlines ethical concepts and considerations for conducting community-engaged research. The author first introduces the topic by providing characteristics of community-engaged research, the definition of a “community”, and how communities are typically represented. The PowerPoint is then presented in four sections: ethical principles of research, protecting individuals and considering community-level concerns, ethical principles and the partnership process, and ethical issues of power and control.McDonald, M.A. (2009). Ethics and community-engaged research. Duke Center for Community Research, Duke University School of Medicine. 1-43. Full Text.
Does engaged scholarship play an important role in the revitalization of the humanities in the 21st century? Author Gregory Jay asserts that “the future of the humanities depends upon two interrelated innovations: the organized implementation of project based engaged learning and scholarship, on the one hand, and the continued advancement of digital and new media learning and scholarship, on the other hand” (Jay, 51). This paper discusses examples of engaged humanities and the institutional obstacles they face, concluding with a prediction on how new media is changing “the public” and thus shaping opportunities for scholarship and engagement. Jay, G. (2010)….
This paper explains three dimensions that universities must attend to in order to create beneficial and sustainable engagement with the community: internal (characteristics of the university), external (characteristics of the community), and personal (characteristics of the faculty). The authors argue that sustainable types of engagement are those that positively address each of these dimensions, and lead to valued capacity building for the community. They discuss the experience of Eastern Michigan University’s Institute for the Study of Children, Families and Communities to illustrate the challenges and strategies for building successful university-community relationships. Clifford, D., & Petrescu, C. (2012) The keys to…
This paper describes the lessons learned from an international research partnership between two northern universities, one southern university, and a southern faith-based organization. The research project evaluated a school-based HIV prevention intervention with South African adolescents, and through this process seven fieldwork-related challenges were revealed. Lessons learned from these challenges—along with how they prepared for each one, what happened on the ground, and possible unintended consequences—are described in detail. Casale, M.A.J., Flicker, S., & Nixon, S.A. (2011). Fieldwork challenges: Lessons learned from a north-south public health research partnership. Health Promotion Practice, 12(5), 734-735. Full Text.
The dissemination of research findings to participating individuals and institutions upon project completion is an important principle of community-based research. This document offers information on developing a dissemination plan, general writing guidelines, and strategies for dissemination (i.e. media coverage, press release, research summary document, flyers, brochures, policy briefs, letter of thanks). Also included in this resource are sample dissemination documents.CARE: Community alliance for research and engagement. Beyond Scientific Publication: Strategies for Disseminating Research Findings. Yale Center for Clinical Investigation. 1-19. Full Text.
This paper presents a new awareness-action framework for universities to use to assess, and improve, their engagement with disadvantaged communities. The authors present the research from which the framework was developed, and explain how universities can use the framework to engage with disadvantaged communities in an inclusive and equitable manner.Butcher, J., Leathley, C., & Johnston, K. (2011). An awareness and action framework for transformative community engagement. Australasian Journal of University-Community Engagement, 6(2), 18-36. Full Text.
Community-based research (CBR) is an increasingly familiar approach to addressing social challenges. Nonetheless, the role it plays in attaining community impact is unclear and largely unstudied. Here the authors discuss an emerging framework aimed toward fostering community impact through university and community civic engagement. They describe how, through application of this framework to initiatives intended to reduce obesity, CBR might be focused for greater effect. Beckman, M., Penney, N., & Cockburn, B. (2011). Maximizing the impact of community-based research. Journal of Higher Education Outreach and Engagement, 15(2), 83-103.Full Text.
Designing community-based courses: A guide for instructors to develop community partnerships and create public scholarship courses
This handbook is a guide for faculty, lecturers, graduate students, and staff to create, implement, or strengthen engaged scholarship courses. The handbook contains six sections: Engaged Public Scholarship, Building Campus-Community Partnerships, Developing Engaged Scholarship Courses, Supporting Student Engagement with the Community, Deepening the Learning with Reflection, Developing Evaluation and Assessment for Engaged Scholarship. Avila-Lynn, C., Rice K., & Akin, S. (2012). Designing community-based courses: A guide for instructors to develop community partnerships and create public scholarship courses. Cal Corps Public Service Center, University of California Berkeley. 3-45. Full Text.
Development and evaluation of a toolkit to assess partnership readiness for community-based participatory research
The CPBR Partnership Readiness Toolkit was created in response to “academic-community partners’ interest in exploring new ways to improve partnership outcomes” (Andrews et al, 188). This paper outlines the contents of this 75-page toolkit, describes how to use it and where to access it for free online. The author also discusses the evaluation and limitations of this toolkit, concluding with a section on the toolkit’s purpose. Andrews, J.O., Cox, M.J., Newman, S.D., & Meadows, O. (2011). Development and evaluation of a toolkit to assess partnership readiness for community-based participatory research. Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action, 5(2),…
This “primer” provides public health professionals, health care providers, researchers, and community-based leaders and organizations with both a science base and practical guidance for engaging partners in projects that may affect them. The principles of engagement can be used by people in a range of roles, from the program funder who needs to know how to support community engagement to the researcher or community leader who needs hands-on, practical information on how to mobilize the members of a community to partner in research initiatives. In addition, it provides tools for those who are leading efforts to improve population health through…
Participatory action research (PAR) is a methodological stance that researchers can find both inspiring and daunting. Community-based PAR offers a platform by which social scientists can contribute to the democratization of knowledge and its production, but also requires that they go beyond conventional roles and procedures to interact with community co-researchers in ways that may leave university-based researchers feeling exposed and rudderless. In this article, the authors present episodes from three different PAR projects that illustrate some of the challenges that PAR presents for university-based researchers, as well as what can be learned from them. (Smith et al, 2010, p….
This article reviews and integrates recent scientific research involving public participation. In order to describe the current set of initiatives from diverse academic fields and traditions, the authors propose the term “public participation in scientific research (PPSR)”. The article describes three predominant models of PPSR, and offers a framework that considers how scientific and public interests are negotiated for project design. The authors suggest that this framework and models can be used to support deliberate design of PPSR efforts that will enhance their outcomes for scientific research, individual participants, and social–ecological systems. Shirk, J. L., Ballard, H. L., Wilderman, C….
Submit a Syllabus for the Archive
Renewing Democracy Teaching Collection
Community Colleges for Democracy: Aligni
Community-Engaged Learning and Teaching
Electoral Engagement in Community Colleg
Civic Action Plans
University of Mary Washington Civic Acti
Creating Space for Democracy: A Primer o
The Craft of Community-Engaged Teaching
Books & Publications
National Issues Forums Issue Guide: A Ho
Books & Publications
National Issues Forum Issue Guide: A Nat