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National Issues Forum Issue Guide: A Nat
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This brief paper provides background for an impact study of community-university research alliances and partnerships that address social/health issues. Researchers from five community- university partnerships joined together to develop a reliable and valid survey measure of the community impacts of research partnerships between universities and community agencies that address social or health issues. The focus was to be on mid-term impacts—the influence of partnerships on individuals, partner agencies, and target communities or systems. The aim of the three-year project is to benefit members of research partnerships who wish to evaluate their effectiveness and adjust their activities to meet community needs….
This book responds to the need of faculty members to document the scholarship of service and professional service activities by providing insights, guidelines, and examples for faculty as they prepare to review and reward such work. Sixteen examples of documentations are given in a style and format appropriate for submission to peer review on the faculty member’s campus. This book is best used with “Making the Case for Professional Service.”Driscoll, A and Lynton, E.A. (1999). Making outreach visible: A guide to documenting professional service and outreach. Washington, DC: American Association for Higher Education. Full Text.
This guidebook contains several relevant items, including Criteria for Measuring Quality Outreach (pp. 12-13), a Matrix for Evaluating Quality Outreach (pp. 18-26), and a tool for Evaluating Unit Outreach (pp. 36-37). Michigan State University Committee on Evaluating Quality Outreach. (1996, 2000). Points of distinction: A guidebook for planning & evaluating quality outreach, Michigan State University, available at: Full Text.
Recognizing excellence in community–engaged scholarship: Guidelines for promotion and tenure decisions
These Guidelines were prepared to encourage departments to develop policies and procedures for recognizing and evaluating community-engaged scholarship in promotion and tenure review processes.Office of Community-Based Research, Recognizing excellence in community–engaged scholarship: Guidelines for promotion and tenure decisions, University of Victoria. Full Text.
From the proceedings of the CUExpo08 conference, held in Victoria, BC a call for action on reforming tenure and promotion processes in Canadian universities to encourage and support community-university engagement. Provides a summary of relevant literature and progress made in the US and Canada. Jackson, E.T., Schwartz, K., Andree, P. (2008). Aligning tenure and promotion procedures for community-university engagement: Dialogue for action.
TRUCEN member research universities have provided examples of how they structure civic and community engagement initiatives and activities on campuses. Campus Compact (2009). Models of civic engagement initiatives at research universities. Campus Compact website. Website.
An integrated model for advancing the scholarship of engagement: Creating academic homes for the engaged scholar
A integrated model is offered for the preparation of future faculty that addresses the transformation of institutions of higher education into supportive environments for the next generation of engaged scholars. Drawing on the knowledge bases of the scholarship of engagement, institutional change, preparing future faculty, the role of disciplinary associations, and promising practice for institutional engagement, the model provides a framework for approaches that would prepare individuals (primarily doctoral students and early career faculty) as learners of engagement while instigating and catalyzing institutions as learning organizations (Sandmann, Saltmarsh & O’Meara, 47). This model has implications for determining how the scholarship…
Building capacity for community-based participatory research for health disparities in Canada: The Case of ”Partnerships in Community Health Research”
Despite increasing support for community-based participatory research (CBPR) to reduce health disparities, challenges at the individual and institutional levels have restricted its adoption. One such challenge is the lack of in-depth and experiential training 104 opportunities for CBPR practitioners – both academic and community-based. This article describes Partnerships in Community Health Research (PCHR), a program centered at the University of British Columbia, which was designed to provide an integrated, multiyear program for both graduate students and community members to develop knowledge, skills, and experience to engage collaboratively in CBPR. PCHR is a unique training program in that the researchers and…
This article presents two complementary approaches to measuring the level of community participation in research—a “three-model” approach that differentiates between the levels of community participation, and a Community Engagement in Research Index (CERI) that offers a multidimensional view of community engagement in the research process. The article discusses the strengths and limitations of each approach, summarizes the lessons learned, and offers directions for future research. Khodyakov, D., Stockdale, S., Jones, A., Mango, J., Jones, F., & Lizaola, E. (2013). On measuring community participation in research. Health Education & Behavior, 40(3), 346-354. Full Text.
Uncovering the benefits of participatory research: Implications of a realist review for health research and practice.
In this study, the research team, selected, and appraised a large- variety sample of primary studies describing participatory research (PR) partnerships, and in stage, two team members independently reviewed and coded the literature. The team used a realist approach to analysis, in order to embrace the heterogeneity and complexity of the PR literature. This theory-driven synthesis identified mechanisms by which PR may add value to the research process. Using the middle-range theory of partnership synergy, the review confirmed findings from previous PR reviews, documented and explained some negative outcomes, and generated new insights into the benefits of PR. Jagosh, J.,…
Measuring partnership activities: Partnerships in environmental public health evaluation metrics manual.
The “Partnerships in Environmental Public Health (PEPH) Evaluation Metrics Manual” was developed by the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) in 2012, in order to build the evaluation capacity of the PEPH grantees. The manual identifies metrics to measure and demonstrate success in five areas: partnering, leveraging, disseminating findings, training, and capacity building. For each of these five areas, the manual provides an illustrative logic model to demonstrate connections among project activities, outputs, and impacts; over 80 different metrics for each activity, output, and impact are provided as examples, to enable grantees to develop metrics relevant to their specific…
This conference presentation shares a three phased research study that investigated the following questions: (1) What types of articles are published in the community engagement journals? (2) Who is publishing in the community engagement journals? And, (3) How rigorous is the research published in the community engagement journals? The findings of this study are discussed. Implications of the findings for authors, community engaged scholarship journals, and the field of engaged scholarship are also discussed.Doberneck, D. M., & Schweitzer, J. H. (2012). Who’s publishing what? Publication patterns in seven community engagement journals. Proceedings from the 13th Annual National Outreach Scholarship Conference….
Photovoice in the Red River Basin of the north: A systematic evaluation of a community-academic partnership
This paper presents the evaluation of a community-academic project that facilitated mothers to use Photovoice to document pathways to pesticide exposure for their children. Surveys were administered to mothers and the research team of local stakeholders and academics to assess their perception of the process and short-term outcomes. The results of this evaluation provided insight on the strengths and weaknesses of the Photovoice project and demonstrated to team members and funders that formative and summative outcomes were met. Stedman-Smith, M., McGovern, P. M., Peden-McAlpine, C. J., Kingery, L. R., & Draeger, K. J. (2012). Photovoice in the Red River Basin…
This paper presents a systematic review of the CBPR literature that was conducted to examine the effectiveness of current CBPR intervention studies in creating positive change in target communities. The findings showed that collaboration among community partners, researchers, and organizations led to community-level action to improve the health and wellbeing and to minimize health disparities, and also enhanced the research of leadership capacity of the community. Based on their review, the authors recommend that future assessments of CBPR projects evaluate not only health outcomes, but also “how much the target community has been empowered.” Salimi, Y., Shahandeh, K., Malekafzali, H.,…
In this paper, the authors review the methods used to evaluate their CBPR project, “Linking Breast Cancer Advocacy and Environmental Justice”, in order to assist other teams in evaluating CBPR effectiveness. Their evaluation strategy assessed how the CBPR partnership met the goals of all partners, including scientific, educational, policy, community engagement and capacity building goals. The strategy also had partners talk to each other about these issues frequently throughout the project, to collect ongoing evaluation data and stimulate changes to address problems. The authors share ten questions that can be used by other teams to guide such an evaluation. Brown,…
This study investigated the effects of youth-led participatory research on the psychological empowerment of 401 students attending urban public schools. The authors found that attending a participatory research elective class during the school day was associated with increases in students’ sociopolitical skills, motivation to influence their schools and communities, and participatory behavior. The implications for participatory research and related youth development interventions are discussed. Ozer, E. J. & Douglas, L. (2013). The impact of participatory research on urban teens: An experimental evaluation. Journal of Community Psychology, 51(1-2), 66-75. Full Text.
Operationalization of community-based participatory research principles: Assessment of the National Cancer Institute’s community network programs.
This study examined how National Cancer Institute-funded Community Network Programs (CNPs) operationalized principles of CBPR. The authors reviewed the literature and extant CBPR measurement tools. On the basis of that review, they developed a questionnaire for CNPs to self-assess their operationalization of 9 CBPR principles. Twenty-two CNPs completed the questionnaire. This study suggests that the CBPR processes can be assessed in a variety of settings, and may help others develop and test CBPR measures. Braun, K. L., Nguyen, T. T., Tanjasiri, S. P., Campbell, J., Heiney, S. P., Brandt, H., …Herbert, J. R. (2012). Operationalization of community-based participatory research principles:…
This study investigated the secondary (i.e. non-research) outcomes of Protecting the ‘Hood Against Tobacco (PHAT), a CBPR project conducted in San Francisco, California. An analysis of quasi- ethnographic documentation of the PHAT project was conducted. Analysis revealed that PHAT participation encouraged healthier behavior and public health promotion among community research partners, prompted academics to confront power asymmetries and recognize community knowledge, and widened social networks. The authors conclude that systematically capturing secondary outcomes, perhaps through wider use of ethnographic approaches, could help enhance understanding of CBPR’s true contributions. Malone, R. E., McGruder, C., Froelicher, E. S., & Yerg, V. B….
This study investigated the importance and consequences of a series of CBPR projects funded by Virginia Commonwealth University. The study provides insight into the different ways that the university and community partners understood the research project outcomes. It also raises important questions about the relative importance of the outcomes of the project, when compared to the impact of the relationship between the university and community partner.Leisey, M., Holton, V., & Davey, T. L. (2012). Community engagement grants: Assessing the impact of university funding and engagements. Journal of Community Engagement and Scholarship, 5(2). Full Text.
This study conducted focus groups with 31 disadvantaged women who participated in a CBPR-driven randomized controlled trial (RCT), to explore their study experiences. Analysis revealed that the tailored health questionnaire, treatment by study staff members, and RCT participants’ understandings of and responses to randomization were salient to what the women described as transformative experiences that occurred during the RCT. These findings have implications for understanding how CBPR and non-CBPR aspects of interventions and study designs have the potential to affect both process and endpoint study outcomes. Kneipp, S. M., Lutz, B. J., Levonian, C., Cook, C., Hamilton, J.B., & Roberson,…